Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Neurofilament Antibodies-Check Them Out

Widely Used and Frequently Published
Our Neurofilament Antibodies are well characterized and research ready. Here is a recent publication using one of our Neurofilament Heavy Antibodies. Jennifer M. Hahn, Kelly A. Combs, Christopher M. Lloyd, Kevin L. McFarland, Steven T. Boyce, and Dorothy M. Supp. Identification of Merkel cells associated with neurons in engineered skin substitutes after grafting to full thickness wounds. PLoS One. 2019; 14(3): e0213325. Published online 2019 Mar 5. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0213325.
Figures: Merkel cells in grafted ESS are associated with neurons expression neurofilament heavy (NF-M) by eight weeks after grafting. Immunochemistry with antibodies against NF-H (red) and KRT20 (green) was used to localize neurons and Merkel cells, respectively, in ESS after grafting to mice. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (blue; B, D, F, H). Shown are cross sections of ESS at 4 weeks (A-B), 8 weeks (C-D), 12 weeks (E-F), and 14 weeks (G-H) after grafting; each row contains images of the same section. Scale bars in A is same for all images. White arrows indicate examples of NF-H-positive nerves associated with or in proximity to Merkel cells; yellow arrows indicate NF-H-positive nerves not associated with Merkel cells.

Remember. All our antibodies come with a money back guarantee. Your satisfaction is joh #1 for us. 

Monday, May 13, 2019

We Can Sell and Deliver FBS in Large Volumes

This is Includes Single Lots
We are pleased with the growth in our FBS business. This is being made possible, in part, to our ability to find the "sweet spot" by coupling low pricing with high quality.

We offer all potential customers free samples to test with the idea that they find the "sweet spot." This leads to happy customers and repeat business.

Here's a volume shipment wrapped and ready to go.
2 pallets of 700X500 ml. Bottles FBS.

Need FBS? Just ask us. Learn more by emailing rose@neuromics.com. Thank you!

i-Fect Scores Again

Knock-down of HIF-1a Attenuates Chemo Induced Pain
i-Fect TM is one of our original products. It has enjoyed 14 years of upping transfection percentages both in-vitro and in-vivo.

Here is a new study showing successful use of i-Fect to knock down HIF-1a in-vivo-Taylor Ludman and Ohannes K. Melemedjian. (2019). Bortezomib-induced aerobic glycolysis contributes to chemotherapy-induced painful peripheral neuropathy. Molecular Pain. https://doi.org/10.1177/1744806919837429.


Figure 1. (a) Treatment of mice with bortezomib (Bor) for five days augmented HIF1A expression in L4-6 DRGs (*P ¼ 0.0412, five mice/ group) relative to the vehicle-treated group. (b) A schematic depicting the site of the intrathecal (IT) siRNA injection. The siRNA was administered between the L4 and L5 vertebrae which is around 17 mm rostral to the spinal cord (SC) section innervated by the L4-6 DRGs. (c) IT injection of siRNA (1 mg in 5 ml) that targets HIF1A (siRNA) but not control siRNA (Cont), for two consecutive days, significantly reduced the levels of HIF1A in L4-6 DRGs. (***P=0.0006, five mice/group). (d) IT siRNA did not affect HIF1A levels in L4-6 spinal cord (five mice/group). (e) After determining baseline withdrawal thresholds using von Frey filaments, male ICR mice received IP injection of vehicle or bortezomib (black arrows) and IT siRNA (blue arrows). The withdrawal thresholds were measured on days 7 to 14. IT HIF1A siRNA prevented the development of bortezomib-induced neuropathic pain. (****P less than 0.0001, five mice/group). DRG: dorsal rootganglia; HIF1A: hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha; IT: intrathecal; IP: intraperitoneal; siRNA: small interfering RNA.


This study is the first to demonstrate that the stabilization of HIF1A expression underpins the development of bortezomib-induced neuropathic pain. Crucially, these findings reveal that the initiation and maintenance of bortezomib-induced neuropathic pain are regulated by distinct mechanisms.

Saturday, April 27, 2019

We Have Human Bone Marrow Derived Stem Cells

Pure and Potent-Only $655/500,000 Cells
Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells isolated from bone marrow and provided a low passage. These cells have the ability to be passaged five to 10 passages in our Low Serum, Complete Medium (#SC00B1); which is optimized for high growth rates, reduced doubling times, healthy cells and stability. This Product is manufactured, tested and validated in an ISO 9001/ISO13485/CLIA certified facility.

Tuesday, April 16, 2019

Gut Brain Axis

Helicobacter pylori Induced Anxiety and Anorexia
Our PGP9.5 was used as a Hypothalamic Neuronal Marker in this study-Hajime Suzuki, Koji Ataka, Akihiro Asakawa, Kai-Chun Cheng, Miharu Ushikai, Haruki Iwai, Takakazu Yagi, Takeshi Arai, Kinnosuke Yahiro, Katsuhiro Yamamoto, Yoshito Yokoyama, Masayasu Kojima, Toshihiko Yada, Toshiya Hirayama, Norifumi Nakamura & Akio Inui (2019). Helicobacter pylori Vacuolating Cytotoxin A Causes Anorexia and Anxiety via Hypothalamic Urocortin 1 in Mice. Scientific Reports volume 9, Article number: 6011.

Images: Ucn1- and DAPI-positive cells (yellow arrow heads), or Ucn1- and PGP9.5-positive cells (white arrow heads) in the PVN cells.

This is the first study demonstrating the anorexigenic and anxiogenic effects of VacA. The authors propose the following. VacA secreted by Hp in the stomach travels via the peripheral circulation and passes through the BBB. VacA binds to LRP1 and activates the intracellular PLC-PKC pathway, resulting in the activation of Ucn1-positive neurons, such as in the PVN of the hypothalamus. Secreted Ucn1 induces the inhibition of food intake through CRF2 receptors and anxiety through CRF1 receptors (Fig. 6). The central Ucn1-CRF receptor axis activated by VacA might be a new important pathway that contributes to the anorexigenic and anxiogenic effects of Hp infection and could be a therapeutic target for Hp-induced alterations.

Wednesday, April 03, 2019

Your Data Wanted

Reward is $50 Amazon Gift Card

We are always honored when customers share their data and images. More is better! This month we would like to reward you for any data or images featuring any of our products you share with us.

Just e-mail Rose Ludescher, Manager of Customer Satisfaction, at rose@neuromics.com , and she will e-mail you a $50 Amazon Gift Card.

Example Data


HUMAN PANCREATIC CAF-STELLATE CELLS-Stained with alpha-SMA + DAP1 20x. Courtesy of Emily Rodela, TGEN-Courtesy of Emila Rodela, T-Gen.

Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Human and Animal Cardiomyocytes

Pure, Potent and Easy to Culture

Check out our hMSC Derived Human Cardiomyocytes-These cells are optimized to provide addition options for in-vitro testing of drug to drug candidate toxicities allowing researchers to rule out the ineffective and potentially small compounds/toxic compounds early in the process.

Human Cardiomyocytes in Culture

Neuromics also offers primary rat and mouse cardiomyocyte tissue and disassociated cells.

Thursday, March 07, 2019

Neuron-Glial Markers

Featuring Neurofilament Antibodies
We have the honor of our Neuron-Glial Markers being referenced in many publications. Here we wanted to feature some recent data from one of our Neurofilament Antibodies.

Fig. Merkel cells in grafted ESS are associated with neurons expression neurofilament heavy (NF-M) by eight weeks after grafting. Immunochemistry with antibodies against NF-H (red) and KRT20 (green) was used to localize neurons and Merkel cells, respectively, in ESS after grafting to mice. Nuclei were counterstained with DAPI (blue; B, D, F, H). Shown are cross sections of ESS at 4 weeks (A-B), 8 weeks (C-D), 12 weeks (E-F), and 14 weeks (G-H) after grafting; each row contains images of the same section. Scale bars in A is same for all images. White arrows indicate examples of NF-H-positive nerves associated with or in proximity to Merkel cells; yellow arrows indicate NF-H-positive nerves not associated with Merkel cells. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0213325.g009

Remember we offer 100% refunds should you not be delighted with the performance of our antibodies.

Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Neuromics' Human Brain Pericytes Guide Axon Growth

Study Interactions Between Blood Vessels and Nerve Cells
Our GFP-Labeled Human Brian Pericytes were used by Spinal Cord Injury Researchers to evaluate the efficacy of aligned microvessels to induce and control directional axon growth from neural progenitor cells in vitro and host axons in a rat spinal cord injury model. Interstitial fluid flow aligned microvessels generated from co-cultures of cerebral-derived endothelial cells and pericytes in a three-dimensional scaffold. Paul P. Partyka, Ying Jin, Julien Bouyer, Angelica DaSilva, George A. Godsey, Robert G. Nagele, Itzhak Fischer & Peter A. Galie (2019). Harnessing neurovascular interaction to guide axon growth. Scientific Reports volume 9, Article number: 2190. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-38558-y

Axon guidance at the site of a cervical spinal cord injury in a rat model. (Ai) Schematic illustrating transplantation of scaffold into a C-4 hemisection. The injury cavity is shown prior to (ii) and immediately following (iii) transplantation. (Bi) Scaffold conditioned with flow exhibits viable GFP-labeled microvessels (green) (ii) and alignment of host axons (magenta) infiltrating the scaffold in the rostral-caudal direction (grey arrow). (C) Scaffold conditioned in static conditions showing disrupted alignment of both microvessels (ii) and host axons (iii). (D–F) Microvessel and axon plots showing alignment (D,E) and length (F). Scale bars, 1 mm (Aii,Aiii) and 50 μm (B,C). Data are presented as mean ± s.e.m. ***P < 0.001; statistical significance was calculated using Welch Two Sample t-test. White arrows denote proximity of axons with microvessels. Microvessel alignment values (n = 30), axon alignment values (n = 30), microvessel length values (n = 15), and axon length values (n = 15) are from single hydrogel samples per condition.
The authors conclude aligned microvessels have the dual benefit of providing the basis for a vascular bed within the scaffold to promote cell survival and directing the growth of regenerating axons. Future studies will evaluate the functional benefit resulting from delivery of this multifunctional treatment strategy in various models of CNS injury.

Thursday, February 14, 2019

Sorting Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs)

Featuring Our Colorectal CAFS
CAFs play a central role in the Tumor Microenvironment (TME). The TME has been identified as one of the driving factors of tumor progression and invasion. Inside this microenvironment, CAFs, a type of perpetually activated fibroblasts, have been implicated to have a strong tumor modulating effect and play a key role in areas such as drug resistance.

This makes CAFs a target for cancer therapies. The challenge is the TME is heterogeneous making it a challenge to derive homogeneously relevant populations for basic research and drug discovery. This new study uses our Colorectal CAFs to identify markers for isolating these populations. Martin Nurmik, Pit Ullmann, Fabien Rodriguez, Serge Haan, Elisabeth Letellier. In search of definitions: Cancer-associated fibroblasts and their markers. doi: 10.1002/ijc.32193.

Images: Expression of common markers in patient-derived fibroblasts. Immunofluorescent staining of primary colon cancer fibroblasts (Neuromics, #CAF05), reveals a heterogeneous expression pattern for both αSMA/ACTA2 (abcam #ab7817, 1/200) and FAP (Santa-Cruz Biotechnology #sc-65398, 1/200), while PDGFRα (abcam #ab61219, 1/200) expression in tested cells remains relatively homogenous. Nuclei of fibroblasts were stained using DAPI (DAPI Fluoromount-G® Mounting Medium). Image is representative of three independent biological experiments.Cells were imaged using a Zeiss LSM 510 Meta laser scanning confocal microscope (Carl Zeiss, Jena, Germany) with a Plan-Apochromat 63x/1.40.


The authors conclude when selecting for CAF populations using antibody-based methods such as FACS, it is essential that multiple surface markers are used in order to avoid any chance of introducing unintentional subtype bias. Other available surface markers such as PDGFRα/β work well here, as do more general fibroblast surface markers like Thy-1 cell surface antigen (CD90), provided that the cell population is also subjected to selection with negative markers,

Thursday, February 07, 2019

Neuromics Human Cells at Work

Work Great in 3-D Assays

Neuromics Human Primary Cells are being used with increasing frequency in 3-D Cell-Based Assays. Last month, we posted a publication referencing use of our Human Pericytes in a Blood-Brain Barrier Model.

In this publication, our GFP-Labeled HUVECS are used in a 3-D Microfluidics Chip Model to study the impact of indoor airborne particles on human health. Yan Li, Chuanlin Hu, Pengcheng Wang, Yan Liu, Luyang Wang, Qingmeng Pi, Zhiyong Gong, Xu Yang, Michael Mak and Yang Wu (2019). Indoor nanoscale particulate matter-induced coagulation abnormality based on a human 3D microvascular model on a microfluidic chip. Journal of Nanobiotechnology 2019 17:20. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12951-019-0458-2

Images: Development progress of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) by 2D culture and 3D culture. a 2D HUVEC culture in a disk, b–e camera image of fluorescent HUVECs developed from day 1 to day 4. f 3D HUVEC culture in a chip, g–j camera image of fluorescent HUVECs developed from day 1 to day 4.
Remember, we have a 100% money back policy should the cells not work in your hands.

Monday, January 28, 2019

Neuromics' Islet-1 Used to Study Avian Heart Morphology

Evolution of High-Performance Hearts

Our Islet-1 Antibody showed its versatility a comparative morphology of avian hearts.

Figure: Sinuatrial node in Mallard (a–c), chicken HH42 (d–g), Lesser redpoll (h–j), and Jackdaw (k–m). All sections are in the transverse plane. The boxed areas in the left-hand column images indicate the areas of the images of the middle and right-hand columns. (a–c) In the Mallard, a nodal structure at the base of the right leaflet of the sinuatrial valve (black arrowhead in [a]) expressed Isl1 (b, c) and had a large coronary artery (white arrowhead in [b]). Sections 271 (cranial) to 1201 (caudal) encompassed the atria and the sections shown are 691 (a), 692 (b), 762 (c). (d–g) In the chicken HH42, the sinus venosus (SV) expressed the myocardial marker cTnI and this expression was relatively weak at the base of the right leaflet of the sinuatrial valve (black arrowhead in [e]). (f–g) The base of the right leaflet of the sinuatrial valve expressed Bmp2 (red arrowheads in [f]) and Isl1 [g]). Sections 17 (cranial) to 297 (caudal) encompassed the atria and the sections shown are 80 (d-e), 78 (f ), 88 (g). The sections were from the mid-height of the atria. (h–j) In the lesser redpoll, Isl1 was expressed in the base of the right leaflet of the sinuatrial valve. There was no nodal structure but the Isl1 expressing wall was thicker than the surrounding walls and contained a large coronary artery (white arrowhead in [i]). Sections 321 (cranial) to 621 (caudal) encompassed the atria and the sections shown are 401 (h), 402 (i), 422 (j). (k–m) In the Jackdaw an Isl1 positive area was seen in the left sinus venosus myocardium (l) in which a coronary artery was visible (white arrowhead in (l). At the base of the right sinuatrial leaflet no positive Isl1 cells could be seen (m). Sections 122 (cranial) to 332 (caudal) encompassed the atria and the sections shown are 190 (k) and 191 (l–m). Ao = aorta; LA = left atrium; PA = pulmonary artery; RA = right atrium; SAJ = sinuatrial junction. In the picro-sirius red images blood has been painted over with white for clarity. DOI: 10.1002/jmor.20952

We have an extensive catalog of high-performance antibodies.

Friday, January 18, 2019

Markers for the Study of Diabetic Neuropathy

Widely Used and Frequently Published
Our Pain and Inflammation Research Antibodies have proven valuable for the study of neuropathic, nociceptive and inflammatory pain.

This recent publication is focused on Diabetic Neuropathy. José Eduardo Roa-Coria, Jorge Baruch Pineda-Farias, Paulino Barragán-Iglesias, Geovanna Nallely Quiñonez-Bastidas, Ángel Zúñiga-Romero, Juan Carlos Huerta-Cruz, Juan Gerardo Reyes-García, Francisco Javier Flores-Murrieta, Vinicio Granados-SotoView ORCID ID profile and Héctor Isaac Rocha-González (2019). Possible involvement of peripheral TRP channels in the hydrogen sulfide-induced hyperalgesia in diabetic rats. BMC Neuroscience 201920:1 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12868-018-0483-3.

The results show Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) catalyzes hyperalgesia in rats via TRP Channels. Our Substance P is used in the study.


Figure: Immunolocalization of cystathionin-β-synthase enzyme (CBS, red) with a–e neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN)-, f–j substance P (SP)-, k–o isolectin B4 (IB4)- and p–t glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-positive dorsal root ganglion neurons of diabetic rats (green). a, f, k and p show a representative 16 µm-slice from dorsal root ganglia. b, g, l and q show a representative CBS staining with Cy3 from dorsal root neurons, whereas c, h, m and r show NeuN, SP, IB4 and GFAP representative staining with Cy2 in dorsal root neurons, respectively. d, i, n and s show the merged image from Cy3 and Cy2 signals, the overlapping between CBS and neuronal markers is shown in a yellow-orange color. e, j, o and t show a magnification of d, i, n and s, respectively.


The authors conclude that H2S leads to hyperalgesia in diabetic rats through activation of TRPV1, TRPA1 and TRPC channels and, subsequent intraepidermal fibers loss. CBS enzyme inhibitors or TRP-channel blockers could be useful for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy.

Wednesday, January 09, 2019

Rat Hippocampal Neurons

Used to Study Apoptosis Induced by Brain Insults
Although our primary human cells are increasingly being used in drug discovery and toxicology assays versus animal cells, we are always pleased to see the success of the latter in sophisticated studies.

This publication references use of our e18 rat hippocampal neurons. These cells continue to be easy to culture, pure and potent. Chiara Porro, Antonia Cianciulli, Teresa Trotta, Dario Domenico Lofrumento, Rosa Calvello and Maria Antonietta Panaro. (2019). Formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine Induces Apoptosis in Murine Neurons: Evidence for NO-Dependent Caspase-9 Activation. Biology 8(1), 4; doi:10.3390/biology8010004.

Highlights
Formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) may be present in the brain in the course of some infectious diseases of the central nervous system (CNS), although little is known about its role. This investigation was performed to study the effect of fMLP on neuron apoptosis. The results showed that fMLP treatment of primary cultures of neurons was able to induce morphological features of apoptosis in cell cultures, as well as activation of the intrinsic apoptotic pathway, through the upregulation of caspase-9 and caspase-3.

Figure. (A) Western blot analysis was performed on membrane-enriched cell extracts (25 µg lysate) of primary neurons. The blots were probed with formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) antibody (Ab) and detected by chemiluminescence. A ~41 kDa band corresponding to FPR2 was observed as compared to the positive control. Lane 1: Marker; lane 2: Positive control, lane 3: Primary neuron lysate. (B) Immunofluorescence identification of FPR. Double staining shows the expression of the FPR receptor on the cell membrane and neurofilaments. FPR2 expression (green); skeleton protein staining of neuron-specific neurofilament 68 (red); DAPI nuclear staining (blue); cells stained by both neurofilament 68, FPR2 and DAPI (merged). Scale bar: 100 μm. 1): neurofilaments stain; 2) FPR2 expression; 3) DAPI stain; 4) merged.

The present study emphasizing the potential role of infectious agents, such as N-formyl peptides, in neurodegenerative diseases may help to promote the development of new therapies able to modulate the expression of the N-formyl peptide receptors.

Tuesday, January 01, 2019

Human Primary Cells Trifecta

Tri-culture of Neuromics' Human Primary Cells in 3-D BBB Model

I mentioned in an earlier post that we take Researchers questioning the validity of our Human Primary Cells very seriously. We follow up with our clients to make sure our cells are working as expected. If they are not 100% happy, we offer a free replacement or full refund.

...So it is encouraging to see Researchers using our Human PericytesBrain Microvascular Endothelial Cells (HBMES) and Astrocytes to build a static 3-D Blood-Brain Barrier Model.

Ece Bayir, M. Mert Celtikoglu, Aylin Sendemira. The use of bacterial cellulose as a basement membrane improves the plausibility of the static in vitro blood-brain barrier model. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.12.257.
Image: Pericytes, HBMECS, and Astrocytes 5 days after culturing. Live cells (green) and dead cells (red).

The investigators concluded, "Caffeine and sucrose permeability values obtained from all models were close to literature data and physiological values."