Monday, September 19, 2011

Immune-Inflammatory Response and Pain Research

Our Pain and Inflammation Related Research Antibodies are increasingly being used to study the root causes of immune/inflammatory related pain induction. Here're related publications: Lintao Qu, Pu Zhang, Robert H. LaMotte, Chao Ma. Neuronal Fc-gamma receptor I mediated excitatory effects of IgG immune complex on rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. Volume 25, Issue 7, October 2011, Pages 1399-1407......rabbit-anti-TRPV1, 1:1000, Neuromics...

Highlights: Pain often accompanies antigen-specific immune-related disorders though little is known of the underlying neural mechanisms. A common feature among these disorders is the elevated level of antigen-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) G in the serum and the presence of IgG immune complex (IC) in the affected tissue. We hypothesize that IC may directly activate the Fc-gamma receptor type I (FcγRI) expressed in nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and increase neuronal excitability thus potentially contributing to pain. Immunofluorescent labeling indicated that FcγRI, but not FcγRIIB or FcγRIII, was expressed in a subpopulation of rat DRG neurons including those expressing nociceptive markers. Calcium imaging revealed that the IC, but neither of the antibody (IgG) or antigen alone, produced an increase in intracellular calcium. This effect was abolished by the removal of the IgG Fc portion in the IC or the application of an anti-FcγRI antibody, suggesting a key role of the FcγRI receptor. Removal of extracellular calcium or depletion of intracellular calcium stores prevented the IC-induced calcium response. In whole-cell current-clamp recordings, IC depolarized the resting membrane potential, decreased the rheobase, and increased the number of action potentials evoked by a depolarizing current at 2× rheobase. In about half of the responsive neurons, IC evoked action potential discharges. These results suggest that a subpopulation of nociceptive neurons expresses functional FcγRI and that the activation of this receptor by IC increases neuronal excitability.

B. Huanga, X. Zhaoc, L.-B. Zhengb, L. Zhanga, B. Nia. Different expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase family members in rat dorsal root ganglia and their changes after peripheral nerve injury. Neuroscience, Volume 193, 13 October 2011, Pages 421-428....anti-P2X3 (rabbit, Neuromics, MN, USA)...

Thursday, September 15, 2011

Xona Microfluidics and Neurons

I am impressed with these Video from the Jeon Lab at UC Irvine. It represents a novel method for neuro-drug discovery:
Preparing E18 Cortical Rat Neurons for Compartmentalization in a Microfluidic Device.

This technology represents a way to separate axon from cell bodies.