I am pleased to report broadening application for our Stem Cell Markers as a diagnostic for cancers. This publication references use of our Netrin-1 antibody.
Ganesan Ramesh, Arthur Berg, and Calpurnia Jayakumar. Plasma netrin-1 is a diagnostic biomarker of human cancers. Biomarkers. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2011 July 26. Published in final edited form as: Biomarkers. 2011 March; 16(2): 172–180. Published online 2011 February 8. doi: 10.3109/1354750X.2010.541564.
Objectives: To determine whether plasma netrin-1 can be used as a diagnostic biomarker of human cancer.
Materials and Methods: A total of 300 cancer plasma samples from breast, renal, prostate, liver, meningioma, pituitary adenoma, glioblastoma, lung, pancreatic and colon cancer patients were compared against 138 control plasma samples. Netrin-1 levels were quantified by ELISA and immunohistochemistry.
Results: Plasma netrin-1 levels were significantly increased in breast, renal, prostate, liver, meningioma, pituitary adenoma, and glioblastoma cancers as compared to control samples.
Discussion and Conclusion: Our results suggest that plasma netrin-1 can be used as a diagnostic biomarker for many human cancers.
Netrin-1 Immunohistochemistry: Stage I–III renal cell carcinoma and normal tissue section (Tissue Array) was obtained from Biomax to immunolocalize netrin-1, as described previously (29). Briefly, tissue sections were dewaxed and rehydrated with graded ethanol (100%, 90%, 70% and 30%) and then washed with PBS. Antigen retrieval was carried out using citrate buffer and steamer. The tissue section was permeabilized with 0.2% Triton X-100 in PBS, and washed and blocked with PBS containing 5% donkey serum and 1% BSA. Primary antibodies included a chicken anti-netrin-1 polyclonal antibody (Neuromics cat # CH23002). Primary antibodies were detected using secondary antibodies conjugated with biotin, which was followed by incubation with streptavidin-horseradish peroxidase (Pierce). Slides were mounted in permount and photographed using an Olympus microscope attached to a CCD camera.
Potent diagnostic tools for cancers save lives. This is especially true of markers that can diagnose them in early stages. I will post these important studies as the cross my radar scope.
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