Sunday, January 27, 2013

Epidermal Nerve Fibers in Neuropathic Pain Model

Re-innervation in spared nerve injury (SNI) vs normal rats
Neuromics' Pain and Inflammation Research Antibodies are frequently used to help researchers find root causes of neuropathic pain. This is a fascinating study of re-innervation patterns of epidermal and dermal nerve fibers in a rat neuropathic pain model (Note: our Guinea Pig Polyclonal P2X3 Antibody was used in this study): Liron S. Durakua, Mehdi Hossaini, Barthold N. Schüttenhelm, b, Joan C. Holstege, Martijn Baas, Tom J.H. Ruigrok, Erik T. Walbeehm. Re-innervation patterns by peptidergic Substance-P, non-peptidergic P2X3, and myelinated NF-200 nerve fibers in epidermis and dermis of rats with neuropathic pain. Experimental Neurology Volume 241, March 2013, Pages 13–24.
Non-footpad area vs. footpad.The distribution pattern between the center non-footpad area and footpad is compared for the different subgroups of sensory skin fibers. For epidermal Sub P-IR and upper dermal NF-200-IR fibers there is an equal density of fibers in the center and footpad area suggesting a homogenous distribution over the foot sole of a rat. Whereas for epidermal P2X3-IR fibers there is a significant lower number of P2X3-IR fibers in the footpads as compared to the center non-footpad area, suggesting a heterogeneous distribution in the foot sole for this type of sensory fibers. N = 5 per group. Unpaired t-test. ***: p < 0,001. Scale bar: 250 μm.

Illustration of the skin innervation in normal and SNI situation.Illustration showing the innervation pattern of subgroups of sensory skin fibers in the normal situation and in the SNI model 10 weeks PO. In the naïve animals the peptidergic CGRP and non-peptidergic P2X3 fibers have a lower density in the footpads as compared to the non-footpad areas, while the Substance P and NF-200 fibers have an equal distribution over the complete foot sole. In the SNI model there is a significant increase of CGRP epidermal fibers in the medial and lateral area of the foot sole and there is a complete re-innervation of the center area. In addition the footpads in the SNI model are hyper-innervated with CGRP fibers. Substance P and P2X3 and NF-200 fibers show no increased density in the uninjured medial and lateral area after 10 weeks PO. In addition, Substance P and P2X3 fibers hardly re-innervate the center area; however, the NF-200 fibers have the same density of fibers in the denervated area as in the normal situation. In the SNI model the medial, center and lateral area have all an increase in LC's, with the center area being the most prominent one. In addition the epidermis thickness of the SNI model has decreased significantly in all the three areas after 10 weeks PO.
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