Wednesday, May 23, 2012

Ready for Prime Time Stem Cell Markers

Researchers frequently reference use of Neuromics' Stem Cell Markers in publications. This is an important affirmation for us as these tools are critical for determining the differentiation state of Stem Cells. In this publication, the authors use our Mouse Monoclonal Nestin Antibody to understand the mechanisms underlying neural progenitor differentiation and neuronal fate. This understanding is an important precursor for using these cells in Regenerative Medicine: Serafí Cambray, Charles Arber, Graham Little, Antonios G. Dougalis, Vincenzo de Paola, Mark A. Ungless, Meng Li and Tristan A. Rodríguez. Activin induces cortical interneuron identity and differentiation in embryonic stem cell-derived telencephalic neural precursors. Nature Communications 3, Article number: 841 doi:10.1038/ncomms1817. Received 10 January 2011 Accepted 29 March 2012 Published 15 May 2012.

In this study, the authors show that Activin provides telencephalic neural precursors with positional cues that specifically promote the acquisition of a calretinin interneuron fate by controlling the expression of genes that regulate cortical interneuron identity. This work demonstrates a novel means for regulating neuronal differentiation and specification of subtype identity.

Images: (a)immunostaining (left panels) and quantifications (right panel) indicating that Shh promotes and cyclopamine inhibits proliferation in neural precursors (Nestin+/β-III-tubulin+ cells in cyclopamine 49±4.3/35.1±1.8%, Shh 80.3±3.2/14.8±0.7% and control cultures 68.4±7.2/20.1±2.8%; n=3, mean±s.e.m.). (b) Relative expression levels of Gli1 and Ptch1 during the first 5 days of Activin or control treatment. (c) Immunoblot analysis of Gli1 and Cyclin D1 levels during the first 4 days of Activin or control treatment illustrating how Activin represses the expression of these proteins. (d) Normalized mRNA levels of Gli1 and Ptch1 after 24 h exposure to the indicated conditions illustrating how Shh induces the expression of these genes and Activin inhibits their expression (n=3, mean±s.e.m. Student's t-test. *P<0.005 and **P<0.05). ESCs were differentiated for 5 days as a monolayer, then replated into poly-D-lysine/laminin-coated dishes and cultured in NBB27 media (controls), NBB27+10 ng ml−1 Activin, NBB27+100 ng ml−1 Shh, NBB27+10 μm cyclopamine or NBB27 + 10 ng ml−1 Activin + 100 ng ml−1 Shh. Scale bar=50 μm.

Image: Model for how Activin induces the differentiation and CGE fate in telencephalic neuronal precursors.

The protocol described in this manuscript represents a method to obtain an enriched source of calretinin interneurons from both mouse and human ESCs. Therefore, our work significantly contributes to the aim of generating the diverse neuronal subtypes required for the safe and successful use of ESCs in regenerative medicine.

The capabilities of stem cells markers matter in developing protocols for use in Regenerative Medicine.


Stem Cell Therapy said...

Once a team of Korean researchers that they had transplanted multipotent adult stem cells from umbilical cord blood to a patient suffering from a spinal cord injury and that following the procedure, she could walk on her own, without difficulty. The patient had not been able to stand up for roughly 19 years. For the unprecedented clinical test, the scientists isolated adult stem cells from umbilical cord blood and then injected them into the damaged part of the spinal cordStem Cell Treatments

reginag said...

These are essential in todays world of medicine.