Oligodendrocytes are responsible for insulating axons. Disruptions in the formation of oligodendrocytes could initiate the domino effect that leads to decreasing and eventual total loss of vision. The authors, for example, discovered that in diabetic rats, oligodendrocyte lineage (OL) cells showed hypertrophic somas and a high number of processes.
Images/Data: OL linage evaluation. Immature OL (O1+ cells) and OL precursor (PDGFR-α+ cells) were evaluated by immunostaining and measured as optical density (OD) per section. In the distal ON from animals that were diabetic for 6 weeks, significantly increased O1 and PDGFR-α immunostaining was observed, with the presence of disorganized and hypertrophic cells. Data are mean ± SEM (n = 5 animals per group); *P < 0.01 versus age-matched controls, by Student′s t-test. Scale bar = 50 μm.
At the ultrastructural level, alterations and loss of larger axons were observed in the distal ON from animals that were diabetic for 6 weeks. In these fibers, myelin was highly disorganized, and frequent lamellar membranous bodies were observed.
I will track new develops in this research and post relevant results here.