Thursday, June 03, 2021

Neuromics' Renal Proximal Tubule Cells in Action

Human Renal Proximal Tubule Cells Express Klotho

Our human primary cells are widely used and frequently referenced in a variety of publications. In this study, our RPT Cells were used to study the impact of Klothko expression on protection of kidneys in diabetics: Meng Xue, Feng Yang, Ying Le, Yanlin Yang, Bingsen Wang, Yijie Jia, Zongji Zheng, and Yaoming Xue. (2021). Klotho Protects Against Diabetic Kidney Disease via AMPK- and ERK-Mediated Autophagy. Acta Diabetologica, 32. doi: 10.1007/s00592-021-01736-4.

Klotho expression in human renal proximal tubule cells after high-glucose stimulation. (a) Levels of Klotho mRNA and (b) Klotho protein were assessed in human renal proximal tubule cells treated with low glucose and high glu- cose. (c) Morphological observations of Klotho expression by confocal microscopy
Klotho improved renal tubular cell autophagy via the AMPK and ERK path- ways and played a role in renal protection. These findings provide new insight into the mechanism of Klotho and autophagy in DKD.

Thursday, May 27, 2021

Trigeminal Neuralgia (Facial Pain)

 Markers for Pain Research

Trigeminal Neuralgia is a progress chronic condition. Dysfunctional trigeminal signaling can lead to intense, searing facial pain. It is caused by pressure on the trigeminal nerve.

The root causes of the condition are not well understood. Our pain research markers have been widely used and frequently published through the years and have been important contributors to our growth, Here's a recent pub referencing use of one our P2X3 Antibodies-Momoko Koizumi, Sayaka Asano, Akihiko Furukawa, Yoshinori Hayashi, Suzuro Hitomi, Ikuko Shibuta, Katsuhiko Hayashi, Fusao Kato, Koichi Iwata, and Masamichi Shinoda. (2021). P2X3 Receptor Upregulation in Trigeminal Ganglion Neurons Through TNFα Production in Macrophages Contributes to Trigeminal Neuropathic Pain in Rats. The Journal of Headache and Pain, 22, 31. doi: 10.1186/s10194-021-01244-4

Images: Changes in P2X3R expression in TG neurons innervating whisker pad skin and the involvement of P2X3R signaling in TG neurons in orofacial mechanical hypersensitivity on day 7 following TNC. a Photomicrograph of FG-labeled P2X3IR TG neurons following the TNC or sham procedure. Arrows indicate FG-labeled P2X3IR TG neurons. Scale bar: 100 μm. b Mean number of FG-labeled TG neurons ipsilateral to the TNC or sham procedure (n = 5 in each). c The frequency of FG-labeled P2X3-IR TG neurons ipsilateral to the TNC or sham procedure. * p < 0.05 vs. sham. (n = 5 in each, student’s t-test). d The time course of changes in the MHWT by subcutaneous A317491 or TNP-ATP administration on day 7 following the TNC or sham procedure.

The signaling of TNFα released from the activated macrophages and infiltrated into and/or proliferated in the TG induces the upregulation of P2X3R expression in TG neurons innervating the orofacial region, resulting in orofacial mechanical allodynia following TNC. Consequently, TG neuronal P2X3R hyperexpression by enhanced TNFα signaling in the TG is a potential target for TN treatment..

Monday, February 01, 2021

Malaria and the Blood-Brain Barrier

 EPCR and ICAM Receptors

Neuromics Astrocytes and Pericytes were used in this important study-Yvonne Adams, Rebecca W. Olsen, Anja Bengtsson, Nanna Dalgaard, Mykola Zdioruk, Sanghamitra Satpathi, Prativa K. Behera, Praveen K. Sahu, Sean E. Lawler, Klaus Qvortrup, Samuel C. Wassmer, and Anja T.R. Jensen. (2021). Plasmodium Falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein 1 Variants Induce Cell Swelling and Disrupt the Blood–Brain Barrier in Cerebral Malaria. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 218 (3). doi: 10.1084/jem.20201266.

This is the first study showing malaria pericytes interacting with human endothelial cells. Please note we have the complete BBB Model that can be used for studies like these.

Tuesday, January 26, 2021

Human Schwann Cells that Work

 No Doubt!

Sometimes we hear our human cells did not express a certain receptor in the hands of our customers. We guarantee our cell "walk and talk" as advertised. If you are ever in doubt. we will test for expression of any receptors or cytoplasmic proteins. We also do this as part of our quality checks.

Here're, for example, is a pub showing our Schwann Cells working. Note the receptors tested here. Seung Min Shin, Francie Moehring, Brandon Itson-Zoske, Fan Fan, Cheryl L. Stucky, Quinn H. Hogan, and Hongwei Yu. (2021). Piezo2 Mechanosensitive Ion Channel is Located to Sensory Neurons and Non-Neuronal Cells in Rat Peripheral Sensory Pathway: Implications in Pain. bioRxiv. doi: 10.1101/2021.01.20.427483

Figure. IHC delineation of Piezo2 (PZ2) axonal component and Schwann cell expression. Representative montage images on sciatic nerve cryosections show double immunostaining (IS) of Piezo2 (red) with a selection of neuronal markers (green), including Tubb3 (A), NF200 (B), IB4 (C), and CGRP (D). Representative montage images on sciatic nerve cryosections show double- IS of Piezo2 (red) with glia markers (green), including S100 (E), p75NTR (F), GFAP (G), and MBP (H). Representative montage images on human Schwann cells (I) and isolated Schwann cells (J) from rat sciatic nerve show double-IS of Piezo2 (red) with S100 (green). Scale bars: 50 um for all.
Check out our growing catalog of primary human cells today Satisfaction guaranteed or your money back.

Wednesday, November 25, 2020

Cancer Associated Fibroblasts (CAFS) Traction Dynamics and Remodeling in 3D Matrices

 Neuromics' Colorectal CAFS in Action

In a first of its kind study, the mechanical properties of our CAFS were determined. This is important because, understanding how these cell behave in vivo will help improve the efficacy of new therapies: Bashar Emon, Zhengwei Li, Md Saddam Hossain Joy, Umnia Doha, Farhad Kosari, and M Taher A Saif. (2020). A Novel Method for Sensor-Based Quantification of Single/Multi-Cellular Traction Dynamics and Remodeling in 3D Matrices. bioRxiv. doi: 10.1101/2020.09.24.311647

"Cells in vivo generate mechanical forces (traction) on surrounding 3D extra cellular matrix (ECM) and cells. Such traction and biochemical cues may remodel the matrix, e.g. increase stiffness, which in turn influences cell functions and forces. This dynamic reciprocity mediates development and tumorigenesis. Currently, there is no method available to directly quantify single cell traction and matrix remodeling in 3D. Here, we introduce a method to fulfil this long-standing need. We developed a high-resolution microfabricated sensor which hosts a 3D cell-ECM tissue formed by self-assembly. It measures cell forces and tissue-stiffness and can apply mechanical stimulation to the tissue. We measured single and multicellular force dynamics of fibroblasts (3T3), human colon (FET) and lung (A549) cancer cells and cancer associated fibroblasts (CAF05) with 1 nN resolution. Single cells show significant force fluctuations in 3D. FET/CAF co-culture system, mimicking cancer tumor microenvironment, increased tissue stiffness by 3 times within 24 hours."

Here's one of 10 videos illustrating these properties.

 CAFS are widely used and frequently published. Check them out today!

Friday, October 23, 2020

Neuromics' n-Fect Delivers

 Gene Expression Tools in Action

Neuromics has a wide offering of transfection reagents that are perfect for both in vivo and in vitro applications. We take pride in seeing our product used in research, which is certainly true of our transfection reagents (see here).

Furthermore, we'd like to highlight a recent use of our n-Fect Transfection Kit (cat.# NF30150) in a doctoral thesis recently published. The paper looked into the neuroscience of alcohol addiction, looking towards the purinergic family receptor P2X4, which has been linked to alcohol addiction in mouse models. Using our n-Fect Transfection Kit, the molecular and cellular mechanisms linking P2X4 expression and voluntary alcohol consumption are explored. Our n-Fect reagents were used on brain slices containing the ventral tegmental area (VTA) of mice. They conclude that purinergic control of VTA neurons is a neurotransmitter system that should be further studied as a target for alcohol dependence drugs.

Image: Examples of p-Fect (Cat.# PF3000) transfection in different cell types.

Questions? Do not hesitate to contact Rose Ludescher, VP of customer satisfaction

Saturday, September 19, 2020

Premium Virus Transport Media vs PBS

 There is a difference

Here's a video that illustrates the difference between CDC recommended Virus Transport Media and Sterile PBS (salt water). It answers the questions "what is in your VTM" and "why does it matter". Please consider sharing so it can find its way to those in need!

Thursday, August 20, 2020


 Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB) Permeability Assay

Yes, These are troubled times. With our current focus on eradicating COVID-19, we forget that many of the world's most insidious and costly diseases have limited treatments and no cures.

That is why Neuromics continues to develop its human based 3-D Cell-Based Assays. At the center if our offerings is our BBB Model.

Here's a recent patent application that includes a permeability assay using our model-Sookhee Bang, Jeong Kuen Song, Seung-wook Shin, Kwan Hee Lee, and Ho June Lee. (2020). Method of Treating Central Nervous System Disease. United States Patent Application 20200230218

BBB Permeability Assay of AL04 The in vitro human BBB model (Neuromics, USA) was established using co-cultures of primary Human brain endothelial cells (HBEC), Human brain pericytes (HBPC), and Human brain astrocytes (HBAC). In vitro human BBB model kit has two sides (luminal, blood/abluminal, brain) with 12 transwell inserts (polyester membrane, 0.4 um pore, diameter 12 mm, insert growth area: 1.12 cm2). HBPC were grown on the bottom side of the inserts, HBEC were monolayered on the upper side of the inserts, and HBAC were grown on the bottom of the 12-well culture plate (Neuromics, USA). In vitro BBB model was activated according to the manufacturer's instructions for 4 days. Briefly, the medium from both luminal and abluminal (lower, brain) sides of the transwell insert was changed every other day. Before the transport experiment, the abluminal side was filled with the permeability assay medium. For the permeability assay, purified AL04 or recombinant HSA (Sigma, USA) were added to the luminal side (0.3 ml) of the transwell insert to yield a final concentration of 1 or 10 uM. Incubations were performed on orbital shaker (100 rpm) at 37° C. Samples (150 μl) were collected from the abluminal side (1.2 ml) at 60, 120 and 240 min and immediately replaced with fresh permeability assay medium. The concentrations of transported AL04 or rHSA were measured by Human albumin quantitation ELISA kit (Bethyl laboratory, USA) and analyzed using the standard curve method. Permeability coefficients (Pe, cm s−1) were calculated using the equation: Pe=(VA/(A×c0))×(dQ/dt), where VA is volume of assay buffer in blood side (inside of the insert), A is the surface area of the insert (1.12 cm2), c0 the initial concentration of protein sample added into blood side, dQ/dt the concentration of transported protein sample in brain side in a defined time period. The permeability coefficients (Pe, cm s−1) for the purified AL04 or recombinant HSA were calculated as previously described (Prades, 2015; Nakagawa, 2009).

If you have interest and want to learn more, please email Rose Ludescher, VP, Customer

Be safe; be healthy.

Monday, July 27, 2020

We Have FBS in Bulk Available

Key Component of Virus Transport Media (VTM)
Neuromics is known to have some of the best Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS) for most applications. This includes being a component of VTM manufactured to the CDC's most recommended recipe.
Unlike some other suppliers, we are fully transparent as to pricing and available inventory. Check us out today.

Thursday, June 25, 2020

We Have VTM in Bulk

At Capacity for VTM Based COVID-19 Sample Transport Kits
We are well on our way to delivering 100,000 Tubes + VTM to the state of Ohio. A big thank you to my  team and friends for making this happen.

5,000 Tubes+VTM Ready to Ship to Ohio
We do have a capacity to provide 4,000 Liters/Week of VTM in 1 Liter Bottles.
If you have current or future needs do not hesitate to contact me directly @ or direct phone 612-801-1007. Pete Shuster, Owner, Neuromics

Saturday, May 16, 2020

We Have VTM and COVID19 Test Kits

Providing Kits Coast to Coast and Points in Between

From Seattle, Washington to New York City and in between, our Virus Transport Medium has been used in COVID-19 testing. Neuromics is doing our part by helping to expand testing capacity, allowing the nation to recover from the harships associated with the pandemic.

Our VTM is manufactured using our FBS following CDC guidelines, ensuring that it is sterile and safe for testing. Additionally, each lost of VTM goes through quality control before release (sample CoA).

 We offer our VTM in many different forms, including kits (tubes and sterile swabs) and larger quantities that can be aliquoted into tubes under a sterile hood.

If you have immediate needs please email david@neuromics,com, Manager, COVID-19 Testing Supplies and kits.

Wednesday, April 15, 2020

We Have Virus Transport Media (VTM) in Tubes

VTM The Way You Need It
We have Virus Transport Media in tubes with 2 options.
VTM-1: 2 ml 15 ml tube (100 mm) - qty 15 (Available after 4/24)
VTM-2: 2 ml 15 ml tube (120 mm) - qty 15

We can also provide tubes with custom volumes of VTM.

Should you have questions or want to explore custom VTM volume options, please contact me directly at 612-801-1007/
Pete Shuster
CEO and Owner

Wednesday, April 08, 2020

Schwann Cell Data

Quality Counts
Though rare, we occasionally have clients challenge the phenotype of our 21-CFR compliant human primary cells. This challenge is usually a result of  certain markers not being expressed when they run immuno-fluorescence assays.

When this happens, we too test the cells in question using the antibodies against the markers in question. We have a world class team doing immuno-fluorescence assays.

Recently a customer claimed our schwann cells were negative for GFAP and P0. Here're our testing results.

For P0 (CH23009) we used green fluorescence +DAPI.
For GFAP (RA22101) we used red fluorescence + DAPI (blue) counterstain
We take these challenges for seriously and will always test the same lot of cells internally to make sure they are "walking and talking" as advertised.

Thursday, March 26, 2020

We have Corona Virus Transport Media

We have Corona Virus Transport Media! We are pleased to announce we now have media designed to move COVID-19 testing samples from point A to B. It's pricing is in line with all the many media we currently provide. If you know of any hospitals, clinics or testing facilities that would benefit we all are ears- #covid19 #coronavirus

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

We Are Open

Providing Cells, Media and Supplements in the time of Covid-19
If you call us, we will answer the phone. If you submit an order, it will ship.

Neuromics stands ready to serve you.
Image: Neuromic's Human Pancreatic CAF-Stellate Cells in Culture
FBS only $299/500 ml. We have plenty of inventory so we can continue with this pricing for the duration of the Pandemic.
Stay safe.

Monday, February 24, 2020

Save Hundreds on Tet Free FBS

For Healthy and Happy Cultures
Check it out. Only $299/500 ml.
USDA Origin FBS.

Single use automated processing system from filtering to labeling.

Questions? Contact me directly @
Pete Shuster-CEO and Owner

Monday, February 10, 2020

Customer Data Wanted

Reward is a $25 Amazon Gift Card
We are always honored when you share your data with us! To learn more check out the video.

We make it easy to share. Just email your data to We will email you the gift card.

Wednesday, February 05, 2020

Our New USDA FBS is Tet Free

Compare and Save!
In researching Neuromics' Competitors pricing on Tetracycline Free FBS, I noticed pricing ranging from $650-1,000+. Check us out. Only $299/500 ml. bottle.
500 mL

Here's our COA.

To learn more simply email

Friday, January 17, 2020

Fetal Bovine Serum-More Data

Primary and Stem Cell Culture
This just came across our radar.
"SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL An eye opener in stroke: Mitochondrial dysfunction and stem cell repair in MCAO induced retinal ischemia"

We are always delighted when researchers supplement their cell culture media with our Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS).
  • RPE Cells and MSC Culture Retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE, CRL-4000; ATCC) cells were cultured in Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Media/F-12 (DMEM/F-12, 11320033; Gibco) containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS; FBS001; Neuromics) and 0.01 mg/ml hygromycin B (10687010; Gibco) in incubator (37°C humidified, with 5% CO2, 95% air). 
  • MSCs were maintained with α-MEM (12561056; Gibco) supplemented with 20% FBS (FBS001; Neuromics), 1% penicillin/streptomycin (15140122; Gibco), 1% non-essential amino acids (11140050; Gibco), 1% GlutaMax-I (35050061; Gibco) in incubator (37°C humidified, with 5% CO2, 95% air).
MSCs’ mitochondria were detected in RPE cells after OGD. MSCs’ mitochondria were separately stained with Mitotracker prior to co-culture with RPE cells. Confocal images of RPE cells with DAPI (blue), β-tubulin (red), and MSCs’ mitochondria stained with Mitotracker (green). MSCs’ mitochondria were detected within the boundaries of RPE cells. Scale bar 10 µm.

We are offering our USDA Origin FBS for $299/500 ml. through the end of January.

Saturday, January 11, 2020

Human Cancer Associated Fibroblasts

Customer Generated Data
Our Cancer Associated Fibroblasts (CAFs) are widely used and frequently published.

We always welcome customer data. We are especially pleased when the data confirms our cells are "walking and talking" as advertised. Here's a recent example, "Biomarkers expression by flow and confocal microscopy using your CAFs. As flow cytometry indicated, >92% cells were live and we showed expected signals (Cy3) from the live cells. Nuclear dye is Hoechst showed as blue." Courtesy of Jiehua Zhou, City of Hope.
We offer a wide range of human primary cells. Check them out today.

Tuesday, January 07, 2020

Neuromics Teams with Biowest USA

Pure and Potent Chicken Serum
We have a new partnership with the source for much of the Animal Sera provided worldwide today. They are recognized as being one of the best of the best.

I am proud to announce the addition of their Chicken Serum. Their processing is both ISO and GMP certified. Better yet, we have an introductory pricing of $299/500 ml. for the month of January.
Chicken Primordial Germ Cells Cultured in Media Supplemented with Neuromics/Biowest USA's Chicken Serum.

We will be greatly enhancing our Sera offerings in 2020. Stay tuned.

Monday, December 23, 2019

Neuromics Teams with Biowest USA

Quality tested for the most sensitive cells and applications

Great new serum products for 2020. Check out our intro video.
Happy Holidays.

Monday, December 16, 2019

Neuromics New FBS-329/500 ml.

Premium Ultra-pure FBS!
Check it out today

Ultrapure FBS is manufactured, by our OEM partner Biowest USA. in a fully integrated environment from raw material collection to finished product. Our production facility is fully certified to ISO 9000 and ISO 13485. Ultrapure means:

  • Lowest endotoxin level 0,1 EU/mL. 
  • Triple 0,1 μm Filtered. 
  • Free of Virus and Mycoplasma. 
  • Tested Ideal for Sensitive Cells and Applications. 

This FBS can be used to culture all cell types including macrophages, cancer and cancer related cells, hybridomas and more. It works great for all our human primary cells and stem cells.

Tuesday, December 03, 2019

Human Cells-utopia!

Great for use a controls vs Differentiated iPSCs

We have a cornucopia of Human Primary Neuron, Astrocytes and Schwann Cells plus CAFS. Featured Assays:
Human Brain Pericytes used to study Guide Axon Guidance.
Human Pancreatic CAFS and Tumor Dynamics.

Axon guidance at the site of a cervical spinal cord injury in a rat model. (Ai) Schematic illustrating transplantation of scaffold into a C-4 hemisection. The injury cavity is shown prior to (ii) and immediately following (iii) transplantation. (Bi) Scaffold conditioned with flow exhibits viable GFP-labeled microvessels (green) (ii) and alignment of host axons (magenta) infiltrating the scaffold in the rostral-caudal direction (grey arrow). (C) Scaffold conditioned in static conditions showing disrupted alignment of both microvessels (ii) and host axons (iii). (D–F) Microvessel and axon plots showing alignment (D,E) and length (F). Scale bars, 1 mm (Aii,Aiii) and 50 μm (B,C). Data are presented as mean ± s.e.m. ***P < 0.001; statistical significance was calculated using Welch Two Sample t-test. White arrows denote proximity of axons with microvessels. Microvessel alignment values (n = 30), axon alignment values (n = 30), microvessel length values (n = 15), and axon length values (n = 15) are from single hydrogel samples per condition.
Representative CAFs spheroids embedded in collagen gels at time 0 and at 6 h post implantation, respectively.
It is imperative that all our cells work as advertised. If your results do not meet expectations, we will run similar tests to make sure they walk and talk as they should.

We wish you and yours a Happy Holiday Season, Pete Shuster, CEO and Owner Direct phone: 612-801-1007 or

Friday, November 22, 2019

Optimizing Human Microglia Cultures

Healthy and Happy Cells
Microglia, one of the glial cell types in the CNS, is an important integral component of neuroglia cell network. They act as brain macrophages when programmed cell death occurs during brain development or when the CNS is injured or pathologically damaged.

This makes them an important tool for drug discovery.

We have research proven Human Microglia.

Neuromic's Microglia Cultured in T25 Flask
Related Protocol:
  • Place the flask in a clean Biosafety cabinet. 
  • Remove the seal on the T-25 Flask. 
  • Remove about 15-20ml of media from the flask. Change the cap on the flask, make sure media is not touching the cap, close the cap. 
  •  Culture the cells in a 37oC incubator with 5%CO2
  • For best result, do not disturb the culture Flask for at least 72 hours after receiving the T-25 flask the culture has been in. Change the growth medium the next day.
Need Primary Human Cells? Just ask me.

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Human Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells and BBB

Fc-saxatilin used to Modulate Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB)
•Fc-saxatilin prevents VEGF-induced permeability in Neuromics' human brain microvascular cells (HBMECs).
 •Fc-saxatilin inhibits VEGF-induced Src and Fak phosphorylation in HBMECs.
 •Fc-saxatilin blocks the downregulation of claudin-5 expression by VEGF in HBMECS.

Hyun-Jung Choi, Na-Eun Kim, Il Kwon, Dukhwan Choi, Jayoung Kim, Ji Hoe Heo. (2019). Fc-saxatilin inhibits VEGF-induced permeability by regulating claudin-5 expression in human brain microvascular endothelial cells. Microvascular Research. DOI:

Figure: Fc–saxatilin attenuates the phosphorylation of Fak induced by VEGF. A) HBMECs were treated with pretreated with vehicle (PBS, 0) or Fc-saxatilin (50, 100, or 300 ng/ml) in the basal medium (0.5% FBS) for 10 min and treated with VEGF (100 ng/ml) for 1 h. Control cells were incubated in the control medium without Fc-saxatilin and VEGF. Cell lysates were subjected to an immunoblot analysis with antibodies against either phospho-Fak, Fak, or actin, as indicated. Representative data from three separate experiments are shown. B) Bands in the immunoblots were quantified using ImageJ and normalized to actin (n = 3); *P < 0.05 compared to the vehicle only-treated control or VEGF-treated control.

These cells are also used to formulate our 3-D Blood-Brain Barrier Model.

Friday, October 25, 2019

FBS-We're Back

Building Inventory
The supply of Fetal Bovine Serum continues to tighten. We are now on the brighter side of this after obtaining a healthy supply.

The good news is we are able to hold our pricing at $379/500 ml.
Our clients are finding it works for many different types of cells. Check out data.  We are confident you will be delighted with results.

Tuesday, October 15, 2019

Taste and AgRP

How Hunger Impacts Taste

Nature Communications just released a publication featuring use of our Agouti-Related Protein (AgRP) Antibody.

It examines the neuronal mechanisms regulating hunger-induced taste modification. Starved mice exhibit an increased preference for sweetness and tolerance for aversive taste. This hunger-induced taste modification is recapitulated by selective activation of orexigenic Agouti-related peptide (AgRP)-expressing neurons in the hypothalamus projecting to the lateral hypothalamus.
Ou Fu, Yuu Iwai, Masataka Narukawa, Ayako W. Ishikawa, Kentaro K. Ishii, Ken Murata, Yumiko Yoshimura, Kazushige Touhara, Takumi Misaka, Yasuhiko Minokoshi & Ken-ichiro Nakajima (2019). Hypothalamic neuronal circuits regulating hunger-induced taste modification. Nature Communications volume 10, Article number: 4560

Chemogenetic activation of AgRP neurons induces changes in taste preference. a Schematic image of the brief access taste test. The number of licks is measured during 10 s from the first lick. b, c Sweet (b) or bitter (c) taste preferences in fed or fasted mice. Sucrose or denatonium–sucrose solutions were presented to fed or 23-h-fasted C57BL/6J WT mice. n = 6, F = 17.81, and P = 9.4 × 10–5 in b and n = 6, F = 4.14, and P = 0.045 in c, two-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post hoc test. d Bilateral injection of AAV encoding Cre-dependent hM3Dq-mCherry or hM4Di-mCherry into the arcuate nucleus (ARC) of AgRP-ires-Cre mouse. e Representative image showing hM3Dq-mCherry-expressing AgRP neurons (left) in the AgRP-hM3Dq mouse and hM4Di-mCherry-expressing AgRP neurons (right) in the AgRP-hM4Di mouse. f Chemogenetic activation of AgRP neurons led to acute food intake in AgRP-hM3Dq mice during the light period. n = 6, paired Student’s t test. g, h Brief access taste tests for sweet (g) or bitter (h) measured in AgRP-hM3Dq mice treated with saline or CNO (1.0 mg/kg i.p.) during the light cycle. n = 6, F = 8.783, and P = 0.0045 in g and n = 6, F = 7.929, and P = 0.0064 in h, two-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post hoc test. i Chemogenetic inhibition of AgRP neurons led to a reduction of food intake in AgRP-hM4Di mice during the dark cycle. n = 7, paired Student’s t test. j, k Brief access taste tests for sweet (j) or bitter (k) measured in AgRP-hM4Di mice treated with saline or CNO (1.0 mg/kg i.p.) during the dark cycle. n = 7, F = 4.748, and P = 0.032 in j and n = 7, F = 4.761, and P = 0.032 in k, two-way ANOVA with Bonferroni post hoc test. The experiments were carried out with 8- to 16-week-old male mice.
We have an extensive catalog of Neuronal Receptor Antibodies. Check the out today

Wednesday, October 02, 2019

Primary Human Cells Data

Internal Testing

We are data hounds. This is especially true when customers generate results that conflict with ours. For example, if our Human Primary Cells, in the hands of our customers, stain negative for key markers, we always retest using a 3rd Party Lab. Here're recent results for our Human Schwann Cells.
Neuromics' Schwann Cells stained with O1 Antibody (red) and DAPI (blue). 

Neuromics' Schwann Cells stained with s100 antibody (red) and DAPI (blue).
It is imperative that all our cells work as advertised. If your results do not meet expectations, we will run similar tests to make sure they walk and talk as they should.